It is generally accepted that environmental consciousness is now changing to environmental proactiveness as organizations are discovering that it makes good commercial sense.
Boards are asking the management to review their policies related to environmental norms, not only to bolster their corporate social responsibility aims, but also because consumers are asking for greener supply chains.
It is also widely agreed that consumers will increasingly prefer to buy more and even pay more for products or services provided in an environmentally sound manner.
Green Supply Chains therefore address four interrelated areas of the supply chains: upstream, downstream, within the organization, and the connecting logistics process:
- Upstream activities of a manufacturing product organization include the Green Design, Green Procurement, and evaluation of suppliers ’ environmental performance.
- Downstream activities usually comprise those activities related to the usage of the products till it is finally consumed. This includes any recovery and recycling opportunities after it has provided its utility and also the disposal and sale of excess stocks.
- Within the organization, Green Supply Chain Management includes those activities related to Green Design, Green Packaging, and Green Production.
- In logistics, activities such as just - in - time, fulfillment, lot size management, and quality management all have clear connections to environmental criteria.