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Sustainable Supply Chains in the Fashion Industry: Ethical Sourcing and Production

Sustainable supply chains in the fashion industry prioritize ethical sourcing and production, promoting transparency, traceability, and environmentally friendly
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Global Supply Chain Group - Photo 01 page 0001 modifiedJayasankar KJ :holds a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration and currently works as a Supply Chain Management Consultant at Global Supply Chain group, working under the guidance of Vivek Sood. With a strong background in operations management, Jayasankar brings analytical expertise to optimize supply chain processes. As a dedicated professional, Jayasankar is committed to driving innovation and excellence in the field of supply chain management.

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Behind every stunning garment that graces the runways or fills the racks of our favorite stores lies an intricate web of creativity, craftsmanship, and logistical prowess. The fashion industry is a captivating realm where artistic visions are brought to life through meticulous sourcing and production processes. From the selection of exquisite fabrics to the precise stitching of every seam, the journey of fashion apparel is a symphony of creativity and technical expertise.


In this blog, we will discuss on sourcing and production in the fashion industry. We delve into the fascinating intricacies that underpin the creation of those garments we adore, shedding light on the careful balance between design, sustainability, and global collaboration. Join us as we uncover the artistry and ingenuity that make fashion come to life.

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Behind the scenes of production in Fashion Industry

From the initial design stages to the final touches, several crucial steps are involved. The production process, showcase the steps in creating samples and conducting fittings, take a virtual visit to a garment production facility, and emphasize the importance of quality control throughout production.

Production Process from Design to Finished Garment

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  • Design: The production process begins with design, where fashion designers create sketches and conceptualize their vision for the garment.
  • Pattern Making: Once the design is finalized, patterns are created, which serve as the templates for cutting the fabric. Pattern makers ensure proper measurements and proportions.
  • Fabric Sourcing: Materials, trims, and accessories are sourced from suppliers and textile mills, ensuring they meet the desired quality and design requirements.
  • Sample Development: Samples are created to bring the design to life. This involves cutting the fabric based on the patterns and sewing them together to create a prototype garment.
  • Fittings and Adjustments: The samples are fitted on models or dress forms, and adjustments are made to achieve the desired fit, silhouette, and design details.
  • Grading: Once the fit is finalized, the patterns are graded to create different sizes of the garment.
  • Production Planning: Detailed planning is done to determine the production quantities, timelines, and allocation of resources.
  • Quality control: the mills and production of batches are evaluated on known benchmarks, once the derived quality is achieved then product is ready for packing and shipping.
  • End user- The finished apparels are packed and sent to their end user, this maybe a singular customer or a big fashion outlet from where customers can buy the products.

Sourcing materials

Sourcing materials is a critical aspect of the fashion industry as it directly impacts the quality, aesthetics, and functionality of fashion apparel. The choice of materials plays a significant role in determining the overall appeal and performance of garments. In this section, we will delve into the significance of materials in fashion apparel, explore different types of fabrics and their characteristics, highlight the sourcing process, and showcase examples of unique or sustainable materials used in the industry.

The Sourcing Process and Collaborations:

The sourcing process and collaborations are integral to the fashion industry. Sourcing involves acquiring materials and trims from suppliers, textile mills, and manufacturers. Fashion brands establish relationships with trusted partners who can provide the required materials in terms of quality, quantity, and lead times. Collaborations with textile mills include selecting appropriate fabrics based on composition, weight, weave, and finish. Brands work closely with suppliers and manufacturers to ensure that the materials meet the desired standards and specifications, such as color fastness, shrinkage, and strength. Effective sourcing and collaborations ensure a reliable and efficient supply chain, enabling fashion brands to create high-quality garments and deliver them to the market in a timely manner.

  • Sourcing materials involves collaborating with textile mills, suppliers, and manufacturers to acquire the desired fabrics and trims.
  • Fashion brands establish relationships with trusted suppliers who can provide the required materials in terms of quality, quantity, and lead times.
  • Collaborations with textile mills involve selecting appropriate fabrics, considering factors like composition, weight, weave, and finish.
  • Brands work closely with suppliers and manufacturers to ensure the materials meet the desired standards and specifications, such as color fastness, shrinkage, and strength.


Material selection in Fashion Apparel

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The significance of materials in fashion apparel is immense. Materials serve as the building blocks of garments, influencing their quality, aesthetics, and functionality. They determine the garment’s drape, texture, comfort, and durability. Different materials convey distinct visual and tactile qualities, contributing to the overall appeal of the garment. The choice of materials also affects functional aspects such as breathability, moisture-wicking, insulation, and stretchability. High-quality materials enhance the perceived value of fashion products, providing a luxurious and long-lasting experience for consumers. Ultimately, materials play a crucial role in shaping the design, performance, and desirability of fashion apparel.


  • Materials serve as the foundation of fashion garments, influencing their drape, texture, comfort, and durability.
  • Different materials convey different visual and tactile qualities, contributing to the overall aesthetic appeal of the garment.
  • The choice of materials can also affect the functional aspects of apparel, such as breathability, moisture-wicking, insulation, and stretchability.
  • High-quality materials enhance the perceived value of fashion products, providing a luxurious and long-lasting experience for consumers.

Exploring Different Types of Fabrics and Their Characteristics

Exploring different types of fabrics and their characteristics is essential in understanding the diverse range of options available in the fashion industry. Fabrics can be categorized into natural, synthetic, and blended materials, each with its own unique properties. Natural fabrics, such as cotton, silk, wool, and linen, offer qualities like breathability, comfort, insulation, and texture. Synthetic fabrics, such as polyester, nylon, and acrylic, provide durability, wrinkle resistance, stretch, and moisture-wicking capabilities. Blended fabrics combine different fibers to achieve a balance of desired features. By understanding the characteristics of different fabrics, fashion designers can select materials that best align with their design vision and the intended purpose of the garment.



  • Natural Fabrics: Fabrics like cotton, silk, wool, and linen are derived from natural sources and offer unique characteristics. For example, cotton is breathable and comfortable, silk has a lustrous and lightweight feel, wool provides warmth and insulation, and linen offers excellent breathability and a natural, textured appearance.
  • Synthetic Fabrics: Materials like polyester, nylon, and acrylic are man-made and engineered to possess specific properties. They often offer durability, wrinkle resistance, stretch, and moisture-wicking capabilities.
  • Blended Fabrics: Blends combine different fibers, offering a balance of desirable features. For example, a cotton-polyester blend may combine the comfort and breathability of cotton with the wrinkle resistance and durability of polyester.

Creating samples and Fittings

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Creating samples involves bringing the design concept to life by cutting and sewing fabric pieces to create prototype garments. Skilled pattern makers, cutters, and sewers meticulously work to ensure that the samples accurately represent the designer’s vision.


Once the samples are created, fittings are conducted to assess the fit, comfort, and aesthetics of the garments. Models or dress forms are used to try on the samples and provide valuable feedback. Designers and fit technicians closely examine the garments, making necessary adjustments to achieve the desired fit and silhouette. These adjustments may include altering the pattern, modifying seams, or refining design elements.


  • The creation of samples involves skilled pattern makers, cutters, and sewers who meticulously cut and sew the fabric pieces to create the prototype garments.
  • Fittings are crucial to ensure that the garments fit well and align with the designer’s vision. Models or dress forms are used to test the fit, comfort, and appearance of the garments.
  • Adjustments are made based on feedback from the fitting sessions, such as altering the pattern, making changes to seams, or modifying design elements.

Importance of quality control

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  • Quality control is crucial in maintaining high standards and ensuring that the garments meet the specified requirements.
  • Inspections are conducted at various stages, including fabric inspection, cutting inspection, sewing inspection, and final inspection.
  • Quality control checks focus on factors such as fabric flaws, pattern accuracy, seam strength, stitch consistency, color matching, and overall garment construction.
  • Adherence to quality control procedures helps identify and rectify any issues before the garments are packaged and shipped to retailers or customers.

Industry trends :Supply chain trends in Fashion

The fashion industry has been witnessing significant shifts in its supply chain practices, with an increasing focus on sustainable sourcing and production. Several latest trends have emerged in this area, reflecting the industry’s commitment to environmental and social responsibility. Here are some of the key trends in the fashion industry supply chain related to sustainable sourcing and production:

Traceability and Transparency:


  • Brands are placing greater emphasis on traceability, ensuring visibility and accountability throughout the supply chain.
  • Utilizing technologies like blockchain, RFID tags, and QR codes, brands can track and trace the journey of materials, from sourcing to the finished product.
  • Transparency initiatives, such as publishing supplier lists and sharing information about production processes, are becoming more common, allowing consumers to make informed choices.


Circular Economy and Closed-Loop Systems:


  • Fashion brands are adopting circular economy principles, aiming to minimize waste and maximize the lifespan of products.
  • Practices such as garment recycling, upcycling, and resale are gaining momentum, diverting clothing from landfills and reducing the need for virgin materials.
  • Closed-loop systems, where materials are designed for easy recycling or composting, are being integrated into supply chains to minimize environmental impact.


Sustainable Material Innovations:


  • There is a growing demand for sustainable materials, driving innovations in the fashion industry.
  • Brands are exploring alternatives to conventional fabrics, such as recycled polyester, organic cotton, hemp, and innovative materials derived from food waste or agricultural byproducts.
  • Bio-based materials like TENCEL™, made from sustainably sourced wood pulp, are gaining popularity due to their reduced environmental footprint.


Ethical Labor Practices:


  • Brands are increasingly focused on ensuring fair labor practices and safe working conditions throughout their supply chains.
  • Supply chain audits and certifications, such as Fair Trade, SA8000, and WRAP (Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production), are being implemented to guarantee ethical treatment of workers.
  • Brands are forging long-term partnerships with suppliers and manufacturers who adhere to ethical standards, promoting stable and sustainable working environments.


Technology Integration:


  • Technology is playing a pivotal role in transforming supply chains towards sustainability.
  • Digital platforms and software solutions are being utilized to streamline supply chain processes, enhance transparency, and enable data-driven decision-making.

Technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and data analytics are being leveraged to optimize inventory management, reduce waste, and improve efficiency.


Global Supply Chain Group - patagonia

Patagonia is an outdoor apparel brand known for its commitment to environmental sustainability and social responsibility. They have implemented various initiatives to promote sustainability throughout their supply chain.


In terms of sourcing, Patagonia focuses on using recycled and environmentally friendly materials. They have developed innovative fabric technologies, such as recycled polyester made from plastic bottles and recycled nylon, which help reduce the reliance on virgin materials. Patagonia also incorporates organic cotton and hemp into their product lines, which have lower environmental impacts compared to conventional cotton.


Patagonia is actively involved in collaborating with suppliers to ensure ethical and sustainable practices. They work closely with their suppliers to improve working conditions, reduce waste, and promote fair labor standards. The company conducts regular audits and provides training to their suppliers to ensure compliance with their stringent environmental and social standards.Additionally, Patagonia encourages garment repair and recycling through programs like Worn Wear. They offer repair services for their products to extend their lifespan and reduce waste. They also provide resources and guides for customers to repair their own garments. Through their Common Threads Initiative, they facilitate the recycling and repurposing of Patagonia products, minimizing the impact of their products at the end of their life cycle.


Patagonia also promotes transparency by sharing information about their supply chain practices and highlighting their sustainability efforts. They are actively engaged in educating consumers about the importance of conscious consumption and the environmental impact of the fashion industry.


The behind-the-scenes production process in the fashion industry involves various stages, from design to the finished garment. Creating samples and conducting fittings are crucial steps to ensure the garments meet the desired fit and aesthetics. Visiting a garment production facility provides insights into the cutting, sewing, and assembly processes involved. Throughout the production process, quality control plays a vital role in maintaining standards and ensuring the garments meet the specified requirements.


In the fashion industry, there is a growing trend towards sustainable sourcing and production practices. Brands are increasingly emphasizing traceability and transparency in their supply chains, utilizing technologies to track and trace materials. The adoption of circular economy principles and closed-loop systems aims to minimize waste and extend the lifespan of products. Sustainable material innovations, such as recycled polyester and organic cotton, are being explored to reduce environmental impact. Ethical labor practices and technology integration are also key trends shaping the fashion industry’s supply chain practices.


As consumers become more conscious of their environmental and social impact, fashion companies are responding by integrating sustainable practices into their supply chains. By adopting these trends, fashion brands can not only meet the evolving demands of modern customers but also contribute to a more sustainable and responsible industry.



The global supply chain of products is an immense and complex system. It involves the movement of goods from the point of origin to the point of consumption, with intermediate steps that involve resources, materials and services to transport them. A supply chain encompasses activities such as purchasing, production, distribution and marketing in order to satisfy customer demands. Companies rely on a well-managed supply chain to meet their business goals by providing quality products and services at competitive prices.

Efficiently managing a global supply chain requires considerable effort, particularly when dealing with multiple suppliers located around the world. Complex logistics tracking systems are needed to monitor product movements from one place to another. Technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) can help companies keep track of shipments across different locations for greater visibility into their processes.

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Chief Operating Officer Graphite Energy

I have experience with many of the well-known top-tier strategy firms but chose Global Supply Chain to support me on my supply chain projects. They always meet and exceed my expectations due to the quality of the work, the ability to work collaboratively with internal teams, and the flexibility to adjust the project approach when required.

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CEO - Large Global transnational corporation From: FOREWORD - OUTSOURCING 3.0

When I engaged Vivek’s services for supply chain transformation in one of the companies I was heading, we expected the careful and methodical approach that he was famous for... I was pleased to note that the original target set for 3 years was surpassed by almost 70% in just 18 months.

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I have used their services for several business transformations and workshops in many companies. Each time an outstanding workshop and project result was delivered ensuring the success of the business transformation project. Savings surpassed $25 Million per annum in one case. Very powerful ideas, were implemented very diligently.

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Jean-Briac Le Dean
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Vivek is a very collaborative and open leader who leads teams by example. Whether internal teams, or clients teams, all are impressed by his intensity, energy level and drive to make things a little better.

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Lorna Calder Johnson
Omni-Channel Product Marketing
P & L Executive

Vivek's transformation expertise is apparent from his results and dedication to operations and supply chains. His strategic expertise, knowledge and network make him a standout even among an excellent team.

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